Granite - Marble - Quartz

image2.JPG

Stone Information

Granite

Granite is the natural stone most often quarried as a "dimension stone" (a natural rock material that has been cut into blocks or slabs of specific length, width and thickness).  Granite is hard enough to resist most abrasion, strong enough to bear significant weight, inert enough to resist weathering and it accepts a brilliant polish.  These characteristics make it a very desirable and useful dimension stone for both kitchen and bathroom countertops.

Granite has been used for thousands of years in both interior and exterior applications. Indoors, polished granite slabs and tiles are used in countertops, tile floors, stair treads and many other practical and decorative features.

Pricing is based off of popularity and availability.  However, granite is frequently selected because it is a prestige material, used in projects to produce impressions of elegance, durability and lasting quality ideal for fabricating beautiful granite countertops.

WHY SHOULD I CHOOSE GRANITE FOR MY COUNTERTOPS?

There are a number of different types of stone used for kitchen countertops,  such as granite, quartz, marble, onyx, limestone, and soapstone. Granite is the best kind of stone to use in your kitchen, due to its versatility, range of colors and extreme durability.

Granite is one of the hardest types of stones in the world making counters that are incredibly stain,  scratch, and chip resistant which will last the lifetime of the home.

HOW DO I CARE FOR MY NEW GRANITE COUNTERS?

Sealing your granite is one of the most important things you can do to maintain the beauty of your granite countertops. Sealing granite is one of the things that scares people away from having a granite countertop. Sealing stone countertops is very simple and easy to do. Using an impregnating sealer once a year is recommended.

Some granites need to be sealed more often than others, especially the lighter ones. A good "rule of thumb" is to do it every year.  Some sealers are rated for 10- 15 years, however depending on the stone and how it is cared for it may need sealed more often.

Cleaning your counters is very simple too! The safest way to clean your Granite is with a mild soap and water. Do not use acidic cleaners such as bleach, vinegar or other harsh materials

STAINING & SCRATCHING GRANITE

Generally, any liquid spilled on a granite top, if wiped up within a few minutes, will not stain. However, even water can soak into a granite countertop and leave a dark colored spot but this will evaporate in minutes. Liquids that do not evaporate, such as oils will cause stains if left to soak into the stone.

Granite counters are heat resistant and can withstand the heat of hot pots and pans without damage to a certain temperature. Impact from a heavy object may chip granite.

RADON & GRANITE

Since granite is generally not very porous, lessradon is likely to escape from it than from a more porous stone such assandstone. It’s important to know that radon originating in the soil beneathhomes is a more common problem and a far larger public health risk than radonfrom granite building materials. Also, any radon from granite countertops inkitchens or bathrooms is likely to be diluted in the typical home since thoserooms are usually well ventilated.

In addition to radon, the other natural radioactive material in thegranite can emit radiation. However, it is extremely unlikely that granite countertops in homes could increase the radiation dose above that the normal, natural background dose that comes from soil and rocks.

QUARTZ

Quartz Stone is a composite made-up of 93% quartz, 7% polyester resin and pigment.

Quartz is a non porous natural stone that does not need to be sealed like granite or other natural stones, in order to keep them from staining. It's practically indestructible and pretty much maintenance free. The non-porous and non absorbing nature of quartz stone surface makes it very hygienic; it does not harbor bacteria, which makes it a safe choice for food preparation on the counter surfaces.

WHY SHOULD I CHOOSE QUARTZ FOR MY COUNTERTOPS?

Quartz is becoming more and more desired due to the color selection, less movement and less maintenance. Quartz is a very hard material and will last the lifetime of your home. Due to the absence of the movement in most quartz the seams are easier to hide and in some cases can become invisible. If you wish it makes a beautiful backsplash.

HOW DO I CARE FOR MY NEW QUARTZ COUNTERS?

Cleaning your quartz stone kitchen counter tops is quite easy. It involves using a little soapy water or a mild cleaner.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN QUARTZ AND QUARTZITE?

Quartz is comprised of oxygen and silica. The main component of quartz is silicaor silicon dioxide. Quartzite is formed due to the metamorphism of quartz countertops and sandstones and is found in more areas than quartzite. Though quartz and quartzite are both hard, quartz is a much easier natural stone to work with.

MARBLE

Marble is among the most elegant and luxurious of stones. The beauty will last for generations and is versatile enough for use throughout the home. Marble especially stands out in the bath. It can be applied on almost every surface, including vanities, shower walls, tub decks and flooring.

STAINING MARBLE

Marble is more susceptible to staining by many foods, spilled liquids and other household materials. Softer and more porous than granite, marble is more suitable for less-trafficked, formal areas.  Marble should be sealed more often then Granite.

WHY SHOULD I CHOOSE MARBLE FOR MY COUNTERS?

Marble is a timeless choice and can add class to your home. Marble is a clean, elegant look that will be timeless.

ONYX

Onyx is a band of Quartz and Manganite. Onyx is a calcareous stone, formed by dissolving limestone and redepositing as a new kind of stone. In caves, drip water forms onyx as stalactites and stalagmites. It is a soft, brittle stone and should be carefully evaluated for its intended use.

WHERE SHOULD I INSTALL ONYX?

Onyx is typically used in bathrooms and other lightly used areas. Onyx does etch and stain easily so if it is installed in a Kitchen proper precautions should be taken to ensure that food (wine, fruit juice, lemons and vinegar) do not react with the counter.

HOW OFTEN SHOULD I SEAL ONYX?

Onyx should be sealed as often as a granite counter depending on how much use (1-3 years). Onyx reacts to acid and the sealer should be checked prior to purchasing. Not all sealers are safe to use on Onyx

HOW TO CLEAN ONYX?

Do not use anything acidic. Most cleaning products (even that are specified for stone counters) are not safe on Onyx. Homemade cleaners can also damage Onyx. A cleaner with a neutral PH is the best. Also, Onyx will absorb liquid very quickly. When cleaning your counters put the cleaner on a cloth and not directly on the counters. If you have spills or drips, clean them promptly. Acid can damage an Onyx counter, even with prompt clean ups.

COUNTERTOP CARE

Preventions and Precautions:

 Do not use the stone counter top as a cutting board, this may scratch the stone
 Never place any hot objects directly on the surface. Trivets/hot plates are recommended.
 All surfaces can break or chip. Ensure adequate supports are installed and avoid standing or
sitting on countertops.
 Regularly dust counter tops, islands and vanities
 Always blot liquid spills immediately. Do not wait to clean up messes. In the event of a spill, do the following:

1. Blot the spill with a paper towel immediately. Don’t wipe the area, this will spread the spill.
2. Flush the area with plain water and mild soap and rinse several times.
3. Dry the area thoroughly with a soft cloth. Repeat as necessary

Cleaning

Regular cleaning with a non-abrasive pad and mild soap and water is recommended.
Avoid using harsh abrasive cleansers

Do’s - Clean stone surfaces with a few drops of mild liquid dishwashing detergent or use a specialty
cleaning agent made especially for natural stone. These specialty cleaning agents will remove oil,
residue, and help clean up everyday food or bath and beauty product spills. Thoroughly rinse and dry
the surface after washing. Too much cleaner or soap may leave a film and cause streaks.
Don’ts- Do not use products that contain lemon, vinegar or other acid content that may etch the
surface. Do not use abrasive cleaners that contain acids such as bathroom cleaners, grout cleaners, or
tile cleaners. Do Not use Scotch-Brite®, scouring or steel wool pads, or any acid based cleaner on your
countertops. Frequent or over-use of soap scum remover could result in dulling the surface of the stone.
Do Not use plumber’s putty or any oil based adhesives on your tops.

Sealing

Quartz Products
Quartz surfaces do not require sealing.

Natural Stone
Your countertops have been sealed prior to installation. Some stones will only need sealing
every few years, and some more often, depending on the stone’s porosity and your daily use
of the countertops. To determine if your countertop needs resealing, perform a “water
test”. Learn how in the “Additional Information” section.

Granite/ Hard Quartzite
Reseal with an impregnable sealer once a year.

Man-Made Quartz
Man-made quartz does not require yearly maintenance.

See manufacturer for warranty and recommended cleaning products for man-made quartz

Marble and Soft Quartzite
Seal a minimum of twice a year with an impregnable sealer
Acidic foods and cleaners can etch surface. Marble is not warranted by 5280 Stone for
Staining, Scratching or Etching.

General Sealing Instructions

 Always follow the directions provided for your product.
1. Be certain your countertops are clean and free of spills. Stains should be removed prior to
sealing. You will need 3 clean, dry, soft cloths and stone sealer.
2. Pour a small amount of sealer, about the size of the bottom of a pop can, onto the countertop and
distribute evenly with a dry cloth. Pour more sealer onto the stone as you move onto other areas of the surface.
3. Allow the sealer to penetrate the stone for at least 15-30 minutes. If the sealer is quickly soaked
up by the stone, which is common with marble, limestone, travertine, and onyx, repeat step 2.
4. Take another dry cloth and wipe the excess sealer off while it is still wet. If the sealer is already
dry, apply a bit more sealer and wipe it off. This will remove any residue.
5. Once all excess sealer is removed, use a clean dry cloth for a final wipe down.

FURTHERMORE

 Marble, Limestone, Travertine, and Onyx are prone to etching. These are all porous surfaces even
though they look completely solid. When acid comes into contact with a stone surface, a chemical
reaction takes place that may cause etching. Many household foods and cosmetics contain acids that
can degrade a stone’s surface. Some acidic foods are: juice, coffee, wine, soft drinks, tomato based
products, and lemons. Sealing can not stop the chemical reaction. Do not leave these items resting on
your countertops for any length of time. Sealer is not a lacquer type coating; therefore, spills should be wiped up in a timely manner
Wiping up spills and proper cleaning and sealing is the best preventative to permanent stains and
damage. Sealer is used to help prevent etching but even it can break down after heavy use. When
you start to see glasses leaving a ring or the surface is dulling, it is time to reseal

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

If you are uncertain if your stone needs to be resealed, perform a simple “water test”. Place some
water onto your stone. If within 15-20 minutes the water begins to absorb into the stone, it is time to
reseal. Wait for the water spot to evaporate before resealing.

Natural Characteristics

Natural pits or fissures in the stone do not have anything to do with how porous it may or may not be.
In the event you get chip save the pieces, it can be repaired by a 5280 Stone technician.
 Granite does NOT harbor bacteria or mold. Tests conducted by the Hospitality Institute using e-coli
contaminates show granite is second only to stainless steel in bacteria resistance.
Stains can be removed. Depending on the nature of the stain, occasionally more than one
application is required. For further information please visit our website or feel free to call us any time
if you have concerns or questions about your countertops.